Past Projects of HREVO
Many civil society organizations serve in Afghanistan to rebuild the country after long time war. These organizations work in different fields of rule of law, human rights, educations, agricultural, health, media and social and cultural affairs. Among the civil society organizations, Human Rights and Eradication of Violence Organization (HREVO) aims to expertly work in the fields of human rights and prevention of violence for ensuring better situation for women dignity through the country. This paper would like to enquiry and search only the latest projects of the organization in 2011. Therefore, each project is going to be explained very briefly in the paper.
Main question: what projects have been implemented by HREVO in 2011? And what were the impacts of the projects? And which provinces were covered by and plan to be covered in the future?
Youths Perception Survey
However there is no exact statistics about the determination of the age of Afghan residents but generally it seems that more than half of the population of Afghanistan is under 25 years. Generational change is often the major factor shaping communities and many people when thinking of factors hampering progress in Afghanistan look at the “old generation” and put their hopes on the young generation. Therefore, Human Rights and Eradication of Violence Organization designed and developed a survey program to enquire and know what is the hope and concerns of Kabul youths with emphasis on educated youths? And how they look the future? What Kind of Future? This project was highly accepted and funded by Heinrich Boell Stiftung (HBS) in 2011. The project duration was six months and all governmental universities and private higher education institutes were covered in this project. All educated youths of Kabul shared their view points, problems, hope and will. We hope that this research should be published and should be used as source for solving the youth problems and well prepare them to manage and lead future of the country.
Women Empowerment through Capacity Building programs
Human development and the importance of focusing on Women,s Participation in governmental institutions has become one of the main concerns and issues attracting the attention of many people and organizations. On the other hand,Girls with education of 12 grades usually cannot find jobs in offices. Their capacities are not built up to the standard that they are able to deal official works Nevertheless, the growing importance of the human development has led governments and donor agencies to pay special attention to women, participation in various political, economic, social and cultural aspects. In fact, the myth that women are part of the society is true concept and this wants that women should be more capable and able to have good impacts in the society. For reaching to this purpose, first of all institutional capacity building programs should be provided for them moreover, after they made their marketable skills the situation should be provided for them to practice their capabilities in the field. Anyhow, HREVO conducted Capacity Building programs for women in Kabul with the financial support of US Ambassador Small Grants Program (ASGP) Quick Impact Grant (QIG). The project period was six months and more than hundred school graduates girls were trained and learned computers, internet, management, accounting, report writing and etc… programs.
Advocacy Project on Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) Law
Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) is newly enacted law and published in Official Gazette on 1st August 2009. The purpose of the law is to ensure the women legal rights, support for women stance, eliminate violence against women, struggle against traditions contrary to Islam and finally protect human dignity for women. The law is a milestone in relations to women rights. Ignorance from the law is a major problem in realization of the law. Enacting of EVAW law is however, the most important steps toward respecting human rights in Afghanistan. But only enacting of the law doesn’t mean that we reach our goal and women rights will be completely respected. No, we need to put more energy to advocate and make people aware of the law and realize them about their rights and responsibilities reflected in the law. In this case, Advocacy of EVAW Law is the first priority from HREVO. This project was implemented in Balkh province which was funded by Swedish Committee for Afghanistan (SCA), 2011. The most characteristic of the project is this that Mullah (religious leaders) were directly involved in the project. It means that 30 Mullahs from different districts of Balk were selected and trained on EVAW Law and they have the responsibility to conduct one Mosques session to deliver the messages to the grass roots. In addition, some other effective means were used for advocating of the Law. It should be mentioned that the first Phase of this project was implemented in Bamyan Province. Since it had good impact in the community, therefore it made HREVO to expand to other provinces.
Advocacy on Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) Law
Such a program with a little changes is implementing in Dai Kundi Province it is an ongoing project it will be ended in Nov, 2011. This project is funded by Counterpart International – Afghanistan, Initiative to Promote Afghan Civil Society II (I-PACS II).
Advocacy and Capacity Building on Women Political Rights
In Afghan society, many citizens especially women face many problems. One of the problem is ignorance of the law; from constitution to any other binding regulations. Most of the people do not know what is their rights and responsibilities mentioned in law. Lack of awareness on political rights of women is also one of the leading problems. Participation of Afghan women in political and peace process is very low. Afghan women need support to speed up the process of their participation and leadership in governmental institutions.
Practically, Female participation in Afghanistan’s elections is still low. Only 41.5% of women registered to vote in the 2004 election: this figure has fallen, to 38.5% in 2009 (UNFEM report). There were only two female presidential candidates in 2009 Presidential Elections. Traditional resistance to voting for a woman is slowly eroding.
Anyhow, I believe that Women’s civil and political participation refers to women’s ability to participate equally with men, at all levels, and in all aspects of public and political life and decision-making bodies. It extends to other arenas, such as family life, cultural and social affairs and the economic activities. In this case, HREVO aims to design and develop some effective programs to prompt awareness on political rights of the citizens with a little focus on women participation in political process. The project; Advocacy and Capacity Building on Women Political Rights is the first Programs which its goal is to’ ’increased political knowledge on women participation in political processes’’. The project is funded by U.S. EMBASSY KABUL and it is an ongoing project which is implementing in Bamyan province. The project will be ended by Dec 2011.
Women Community Resource Center
One of the fundamental means for improvement and promotion of women situation is to increase their awareness and enhance their knowledge through establishment of institutional and educational centers like libraries and research centers. Establishment of a resource center for women will provide safe area for them to, enhance their capacities, and expand their social relation without any obstacle and restriction.
The resource center is established with cooperation and financial support of Australian Embassy Kabul, through Australia’s Direct Aid Program (DAP) in district 3 of Kabul. The resource center is open five days in a week from 08:00 AM to 04:00 PM except the holidays only for women. The resource center is equipped with 1000 books in different fields of education like, law, journalism, sociology, human rights, peace, philosophy, and etc… in addition, a safe and calm place is provided for research and study in resource center. All women, human rights and civil society activists can refer to study and take books with regarding regulation of HREVO.
However, soon as establishment of Human Rights and Eradication of Violence Organization (HREVO) took appropriate measures to take part in rehabilitation of the country as a legal and civil organization to build up the capacity of Afghan citizens increase their awareness on the rights guaranteed in Constitution and other laws. The projects which implemented in Kabul, Bamyan, Balkh and Dai Kondi Province in year 2011 had good impacts on the community. In consideration to the kind of Project, the impact of each project was different but what is important for HREVO is to follow up the project to other Province in addition to new designed and developed projects because most of the people requested that they need more awareness of their rights and responsibility as well as they need more to build up their capacity through capacity building programs.